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Shade Trees:
Leaves

Spots/Blotches: Eyespot Galls

Eyespot Galls Picture

Eyespot Galls

The most colorful and noticeable of the eyespot galls (see above photo) occur on red maple. (They may also attack silver, striped and sugar maples). The spots are 8-10 mm in diameter. Eyespot galls are caused by a gall midge that rarely causes injury. The adult is a small midge. It emerges from the soil in the spring and lays its eggs in the leaf tissue on the undersides of leaves. As the larva grows, the leaf tissue surrounding it swells slightly and the plant develops red and yellow rings around the gall. The color is most intense in June and later turns brown. The larva completes its development in 8-10 days, it then drops to the ground, burrows into the soil and pupates. There is one generation a year.

 

Another species of midge causes a gall on tuliptree leaves. The tuliptree spot gall is brown and resembles a fungal leaf spot. As the spots age, the tissue may drop out leaving a hole in the leaf. The spots are 4-7mm in diameter. The life cycle is similar to the eyespot gall midge of maple, but there are several generations per year.

 

Management: No control necessary.  These gall midges rarely cause injury.

Keywords: eye spot, eyespot, gall, leaf spot

 

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Photo Gallery

Picture of Eyespot gall on tulip poplar.

Eyespot gall on tulip poplar.

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